Pancreatic Cancer refers to the abnormal growth of malignant cells. It is characterized by the aberrant proliferation of malignant cells in the pancreas, which gradually replaces all healthy tissues. The pancreas is a glandular organ located in the upper abdomen that produces various digestive enzymes and juices. Pancreatic cancer is a condition that causes significant stomach discomfort and intestinal blockage as it progresses. Unfavourable DNA mutations cause it in the pancreas. Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma, also known as pancreatic exocrine cancer, is the most prevalent type of pancreatic cancer, and it starts in the cells that line the pancreatic ducts.
If cancer is not treated, it might spread to other organs, causing additional complications.
Major risk factors:
Although harmful gene mutations usually cause pancreatic cancer, several variables can also raise your risk of developing the disease. The following are some of the most common risk factors linked to pancreatic cancer:
• Excessive smoking, substance abuse, and alcohol drinking
• Pancreatitis (a condition marked by the chronic inflammation of the pancreas)
• Pancreatic cancer in the family
• Age is a factor (approximately 90 per cent of the patients are older than 55 years)
• Gender is a factor (men are more likely to develop pancreatic cancer as compared to women)
Pancreatic cancer symptoms:
The following are some of the most prevalent symptoms related to pancreatic cancer
• Abdominal and back discomfort that won’t go away
• Appetite loss.
• Weight loss that isn’t explained
• Bloating in the abdomen
• Vomiting and nausea
• Pale skin
• Eyes are turning yellow.
• Blood sugar levels have risen.
• Excessive clotting is a condition in which the blood clots excessively
• Fatigue and a general lack of strength
• Urine that is dark in colour and has a strong odour.
• Bowel obstruction and light stools.
Pancreatic cancer symptoms are frequently undetectable in the early stages and only become apparent once the disease has progressed. Assume a patient has been experiencing any of the symptoms listed above regularly. In that situation, he or she would most likely visit a doctor, who will likely advise tests and screenings to evaluate and assess the symptoms and find the root cause. The following are some of the most prevalent diagnostic techniques used by doctors:
• Computed Tomography
• Computed Tomography
• Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
• Positron Emission Tomography (PET Scan)